Taher Shubab was born in Jalalabad, in the nangarhar Province of Afghanistan. His Family hails from Panjsher, in the Kohistan/Parwan region of Afghanistan. After completing his first two years of school in Jalalabad, Taher's family moved to Kabul for education and later moved to Ghazni.
After spending two years in Ghazni, he returned to Kabul and there completed his education at the Music Lyceum. Taher first gained popularity in 1983 with his song Baaz Ham Afghani Asti. He has since recorded over 40 songs in Persian, Pashto, and Urdu. The Shubab brothers' became famous by singing in Pashtoo, since they mostly sing in Pashtoo.